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Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi

Humayun’s Tomb Delhi stands as a magnificent testament to Mughal architecture and is one of the most significant historical monuments in India. Located in the heart of New Delhi, this UNESCO World Heritage Site attracts thousands of visitors each year, offering a glimpse into the rich history and architectural grandeur of the Mughal era. In this guide, we will explore the attraction of Humayun’s Tomb, delve into its fascinating history, and provide useful tips for making the most of your visit.

"Visit Humayun Tomb in Delhi, a prominent attraction in New Delhi, and delve into its rich history."

   Traveller Information

  • Location  Opp. Dargah, Nizamuddin, Mathura Road, Delhi, India
  • Reach There  Metro (Race Course or Jorbagh station)
  • Fee  Indian/Foreigner 10/250
  • Visiting Time  Dawn to Dusk (on all days of the week)

Humayun’s Tomb New Delhi is more than just a mausoleum; it is a symbol of Mughal heritage and architectural brilliance. The site is not only an architectural marvel but also a serene and beautiful garden complex, providing a peaceful retreat from the hustle and bustle of the city.

Architectural Splendor

The tomb of Emperor Humayun is an excellent example of Mughal architecture, characterized by its grandiose scale, intricate detailing, and harmonious proportions. Designed by Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, the tomb was commissioned by Humayun’s widow, Empress Bega Begum, in the mid-16th century. The structure features a magnificent combination of red sandstone and white marble, creating a striking visual contrast.

Garden of Paradise

The tomb is set in the center of a sprawling Charbagh (four-part) garden inspired by Persian-style gardens that symbolize paradise. This garden is divided into four main quadrants by water channels, reflecting the Mughal obsession with symmetry and beauty. The lush greenery, interspersed with pathways and fountains, offers a tranquil environment for visitors to explore and enjoy.

History of Humayun’s Tomb

The history of Humayun’s Tomb is deeply intertwined with the rise and fall of the Mughal Empire. As the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, it served as a precursor to the later architectural masterpieces of the Mughal era, including the Taj Mahal.

Construction Of Tomb

After Humayun’s death in 1556, his widow, Empress Bega Begum, took it upon herself to build a grand mausoleum in his memory. The construction began in 1565 and was completed in 1572. The site chosen for the tomb was along the banks of the Yamuna River, near the shrine of Nizamuddin Auliya, a revered Sufi saint, which was considered auspicious.

Architectural Innovation

Humayun’s Tomb introduced several architectural innovations that became defining features of Mughal architecture. These include the use of a double dome, high arched entrances, and the incorporation of Persian design elements. The tomb’s layout and design significantly influenced the construction of future Mughal monuments, making it a vital link in the evolution of Mughal architecture.

Historical Significance

Beyond its architectural importance, Humayun’s Tomb also holds significant historical value. It became the burial site for various members of the Mughal royal family, and during the 1857 uprising against British rule, the tomb briefly served as a refuge for the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah II.

Visiting Humayun’s Tomb: Tips

Planning a visit to Humayun’s Tomb Delhi can be a delightful and enriching experience. Here are some tips and essential information to help you make the most of your trip:

Getting There

Humayun’s Tomb is conveniently located in the Nizamuddin area of New Delhi, making it easily accessible by public transport. The nearest metro station is JLN Stadium (Violet Line), and from there, you can take an auto-rickshaw or taxi to reach the site. There is ample parking available for those who prefer to drive.

Opening Hours and Tickets

The tomb is open to visitors every day from sunrise to sunset. It is advisable to visit early in the morning or late in the afternoon to avoid the peak tourist hours and to enjoy the cooler temperatures. Tickets can be purchased at the entrance or online through the Archaeological Survey of India’s website. Foreign tourists should note that there is a separate entrance fee.

How to Reach Humayun Tomb

The tomb is located at Nizamuddin East of Delhi. It is very close to the old fort. The tomb is easily accessible from any part of Delhi. The nearest railway station is Nizammudin and the nearest metro stations are Race Course station and Jorbagh station. You can hire buses from ISBT or Rajiv Chowk or Nizamuddin to reach the tomb. You can also find autos and cabs from any part of the city to the tomb.

What to See and Do

  • Explore the Main Tomb: Take your time to marvel at the intricate details of the main tomb structure including the ornate jali (lattice) screens, calligraphic inscriptions and the grand central dome.
  • Stroll Through the Gardens: Enjoy a leisurely walk through the beautifully maintained Charbagh gardens, appreciating the serene ambiance and the symmetry of the layout.
  • Visit the Isa Khan’s Tomb: Located within the same complex, Isa Khan’s Tomb predates Humayun’s Tomb and offers a fascinating glimpse into pre-Mughal architecture.
  • Photography: The site provides numerous opportunities for photography enthusiasts, from capturing the grandeur of the main tomb to the scenic beauty of the gardens.

Conclusion

Humayun’s Tomb Delhi is a jewel in the crown of India’s architectural heritage. Its grandeur historical significance and serene environment make it a must-visit attraction in New Delhi. Whether you are an avid historian, an architecture enthusiast or simply someone looking for a peaceful retreat. Humayun’s Tomb offers a rich and rewarding experience.

Plan your visit to this iconic monument and immerse yourself in the splendor of Mughal history and architecture.

 

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